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sights & culture



Take a sneak peek at the vintage locomotives to be showcased at the new Transport Museum


  • Fürdős Zsanett

15/01/2021 9.45am

Major exhibits will soon be in place at the new Transport Museum, currently being put together at a former train-repair depot in the industrial zone of Kőbánya. We wandered around the classic old locomotives before they become part of this major cultural attraction in an otherwise neglected part of Budapest.

The largest brownfield development in Europe is currently taking shape at a former MÁV rail site, helping to revive the area and provide major cultural attractions.

Photo: Polyák Attila - We Love Budapest

On a recent visit to the MÁV Northern Vehicle Repair Centre, we took a look at the new workshop and rehearsal space dedicated to the Opera House and its productions. . But the main focus in this vast steel structure 22,000 square metres in size is the new Transport Museum being installed here.

Though not yet open to the public, the facility already contains a number of locomotives and carriages worth investigating once the museum is unveiled.

Photo: Polyák Attila - We Love Budapest

The Machine and Vehicle Factory of the Hungarian Royal State Railways, founded in 1870, was an important railway base on Kőbányai út, where vehicle production was already underway by the early 1870s.

Ever more locomotives, lorries and cars were repaired and manufactured, and the number of employees increased. At the turn of the century, the facility was expanded, first called the Budapest Main Workshop and later the Northern Main Workshop, as it dealt with vehicles brought from the northern part of Hungary.

At that time, there were 90 steam locomotives and 455 carriages in the indoor area and 48 locomotives outside.

Photo: Polyák Attila - We Love Budapest

The Diesel Hall, unveiled in 1962 and partly listed, is one of the most important buildings of the post-war railway industrial architecture. This will be where the site of the new Transport Museum.

The pairs of rails crossing the floor echo the former function of the space, operative until 2009, where locomotives were pulled in or pushed out, and often completely dismantled.

Photo: Polyák Attila - We Love Budapest

Small cabinets, switches and lifts also give a nod to the building’s past. In essence, only workers and vehicles are missing. It’s an industrial heritage that few who come here will have experienced, yet evokes a particular nostalgia – they’ve even kept an old poster in one of the glass cabinets.

Photo: Polyák Attila - We Love Budapest

There’s something magical about old locomotives and train carriages, the trundling 424 steam locomotive or futuristic 242 series a delight for those who aren’t even railway enthusiasts.

These vehicles will be part of the new temporary exhibition here, open to the public as soon as the pandemic permits.

Photo: Polyák Attila - We Love Budapest

The plans for the new Museum of Transportation are being prepared by the American architectural firm Diller Scofidio + Renfro. The design process is still ongoing and is expected to be approved in the summer.

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